新蒲京欢迎您官网Revival of Traditional Culture:CPC Central Committee and State Council Major National Policies

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中国是一个多民族的国家,地域广阔,有着悠久的历史和灿烂的文化,因此中国的文化遗产十分丰富且种类繁多。它们是中华文化凝炼的结晶,是中华民族团结的纽带。研究好、保护好、传承好这些宝贵的文化遗产,事关全民族共同精神家园建设。

CPC Central Committee and State Council Major National Policies: Revival
of Traditional Culture

很高兴受邀参加此次“世界考古学大会中间会议”,与世界各国的考古学专家、学者共同探讨当前东亚与东南亚文化遗产管理、国际考古学研究和学科发展的热点与难点问题。首先,我谨代表国家文物局热烈欢迎各位朋友,也对大会的成功举办表示衷心的祝贺。

人文社会科学工作者,是文化遗产研究的主干力量,考古学、历史学、民族学、宗教学、文学等方面的专家学者,必须站在文化遗产研究的前列,为文化遗产保护事业贡献自己的全部力量。应积极地、自觉地将满足文化遗产保护的需求,置于自己研究工作的重要位置。

2017-09-18 Chinese art official website

从远古时代,中国各民族的祖先就在富饶的中华大地上劳动、生息、繁衍。中华五千年文明史延绵不断,中国的历史文化遗产分布广泛,数量众多,类型多样,它们是中华文明强大生命力的物化表现,是中华民族的根脉与灵魂所依,也是全人类共有的珍贵文化财富。

十几年来,尤其是最近几年中,我国以大遗址保护为重点的文化遗产保护工作取得了巨大进步,政府高度重视,社会广泛参与,投入大,项目多,成效显著。不仅有效地改善了大遗址的保护状况,提升了文化遗产传承效率,还有力地推动了经济社会发展和人民生活改善。

      Recently, the CPC Central Committee General Office and the State
Council General Office issued the Opinions on Carrying Out the Project
of Inheriting and Developing the Excellent Chinese Traditional Culture
(hereinafter referred to as Opinions) and issued a circular calling on
all localities and departments to conscientiously carry it out in light
of actual conditions.

中国政府将保护、传承和发展珍贵的历史文化遗产作为重要的政府职能,积极探索立足中国国情、符合中国文化遗产保护事业发展需要的特色道路。近年来,更是不断加大文化遗产保护事业的投入和支持力度,特别是在考古遗址保护与管理方面,注重吸纳、总结国内外文化遗产保护的宝贵经验和成果,结合中国的实际情况,开展了大量卓有成效的工作。今天,借此机会,我向各位代表简要介绍一下当前中国的考古管理政策和遗址保护的最新成果。
一、当前中国考古管理的政策
中国是世界上最大的发展中国家。谋求国家的持续、健康、快速发展,不断提高国内经济发展水平,改善人民生活条件,仍将是今后一个时期中国政府的主要任务。根据中国现阶段的国情和文化遗产保护的形势,我们确定和实施了具有中国特色的考古管理政策,主要有以下几个方面:

1997年,国务院颁布《关于加强和改善文物工作的通知》,提出把大遗址保护与经济社会发展、人民生活水平提高有机结合,从根本上改变古遗址保护的被动局面。2002年,国家文物局制订《大遗址保护十五规划》,启动实施了50处大遗址保护重点项目。2005年,国家文物局和财政部共同编制《十一五时期大遗址保护规划纲要》,确定100处大遗址保护为重点工程项目。2006年,国务院公布《国家十一五文化发展纲要》,将上述100处大遗址列为国家文化遗产保护重大项目和重点工程。

Policy highlights

第一,加强基本建设工程中的考古和文物保护工作。为适应国家大中型建设工程和城市基本建设项目日益增多,考古工作任务日趋繁重的形势,国家文物局加强与有关部门协作,逐步规范基本建设考古工作程序,既保证国家经济建设顺利开展,也抢救、保护了一批珍贵文化遗产。以三峡文物保护工程为例,这一工程涉及考古和文物保护项目1087项,在国家文物局组织下,共有110家单位、7000余人参加此项工作,开创了大型文物保护工程规划先行的管理模式和文物保护项目的现代化管理模式,开创了调集全国力量、抢救文物大规模会战的先河,为研究三峡地区历史与文化,积累了大量实物资料,为三峡人民和所有华夏子孙留存了珍贵的记忆,延续了库区的历史文脉。

过去的五年中,国家文物局、各级地方政府和全国文化遗产工作者,以科学发展观为指导,解放思想,探索创新,勇于实践,走出一条适合中国国情和符合时代特性的文化遗产保护道路。我们做到了:坚持把握长远利益和当前利益、全局利益与局部利益关系;坚持既有利于文物保护、又有利于经济建设和提高人民群众生活质量;坚持中央主导、地方配套、统筹规划、集中资金、重点投入、注重实效;坚持规划先行、突出重点、分步实施、侧重本体、优先展示。

The basic principle

第二,不断提高考古工作的质量和水平。国家积极倡导树立考古项目的课题意识、科技意识和保护意识,通过重要课题和科技进步带动学科发展。结合中华文明探源等国家重点科研课题,有序开展跨区域、多学科合作的考古发掘项目;通过考古设备研发和技术革新提高出土文物应急性保护能力,强调发掘现场第一时间的文物保护工作,最大限度获取考古信息;在考古工作中大力推动GIS技术、三维激光扫描技术等现代科技和科研成果,14C精确测年、孢粉分析技术等新技术、新方法的建立与实践,不断开拓考古学认识的深度与广度,并依托行业重点科研基地,为考古工作提供强有力的技术保障。此外,强调考古工作的服务性,通过参观考古发掘现场、举办讲座等多种方式,让考古工作成果服务社会,服务人民大众。

过去的五年中,国家文物局以“两片”、“三线(长城、大运河、丝绸之路)”大遗址保护为重点,以考古遗址公园建设为重要手段,大力推进以大遗址保护为重心的文化遗产保护工作。此间,中央财政向全国23个省市自治区的99处大遗址投入20多亿元人民币专项资金,带动地方政府配套投入300多亿元,保证了一批保护项目顺利开展。具体成果包括:完成100处大遗址保护规划纲要、60多处大遗址保护规划的编制工作;安阳殷墟和高句丽王城王陵成功列入联合国教科文组织《世界遗产名录》;殷墟、良渚、金沙、鸿山等遗址建起了考古遗址博物馆;唐大明宫、隋唐洛阳城、良渚、鸿山等第一批国家考古遗址公园共12家胜利建成挂牌,牛河梁、里耶、长沙窑等考古遗址公园建设已经启动;明长城资源调查和山海关保护维修圆满完成;大运河保护申遗、丝绸之路跨国联合申遗持续推进。

      The Opinion states: We must firmly grasp the orientation of the
advanced socialist culture; adhere to the people-centered work
orientation; persist in creative transformation and innovative
development; persist in exchanging experiences and openness and
inclusiveness; and maintain co-ordination and coordination to form a
joint force.

第三,全面强化文物安全。中国正处在经济建设和城市化进程迅猛发展的时期,这一时期是文化遗产保护任务最为繁重、最为紧迫的阶段。同时,盗掘古墓葬的犯罪活动日益猖獗,呈现出集团化、智能化、职业化、暴力化的趋势,文物安全形势堪忧。国家文物局将文物安全工作放在重要位置,专设机构负责全国文物安全工作,并积极协调有关部门建立全国文物安全工作部际联席会议制度。2010年我们在全国9个重点省份部署打击文物犯罪专项行动,有力遏制了文物犯罪的高发势头。与此同时,国家严格禁止发掘帝王陵寝,倡导文化资源的可持续保护与利用,使后世子孙也能够分享祖先创造的珍贵历史文化遗产。

在国家文物局主导下,吸引地方政府和社会各界积极参与文化遗产保护的大遗址保护现场会、大遗址保护高峰论坛、大遗址保护工作会议先后在洛阳、无锡、西安、杭州、成都等地举行,会议发布的《西安宣言》、《良渚共识》、《洛阳宣言》等,明确了当前我国大遗址保护的原则、宗旨、路线,地方政府和社会各界保护大遗址的决心和信心空前高涨。可以预言,今后几年中,我国的文化遗产保护事业必将迈上一个新的台阶,树立一块闪亮的里程碑。

Overall objective

第四,积极鼓励中外合作开展考古和文物保护项目。中国考古学的诞生与不断发展离不开国际考古学者的参与。近年来,中外合作考古和文物保护工作呈现出蓬勃发展的良好势头,我们与多个国家合作开展了文明探源、农业起源、盐业考古、城址考古、出土文物保护等多个方面的研究项目,大大推进了中国和世界考古学的发展。在请进来的同时,中国的考古专业机构和学者也积极走出国门,赴蒙古、肯尼亚、中亚等国家和地区开展合作考古工作,有力推动了中国对外文化交流与合作。今后,中国将欢迎国外有实力的专业考古研究机构来华开展多领域的合作考古项目,共同推动中国和世界考古学的进步。
二、中国考古遗址保护成果
中国的考古遗址保存环境复杂,保护难度大。其中,有一些遗址和墓葬规模宏大、价值重大、影响深远,集中代表了中华民族发祥发展、兴衰演变的历史进程,在中国文明发展史中具有不可替代的重要地位,如殷墟、汉长安城遗址、大明宫遗址、隋唐洛阳城遗址等。我们称之为“大遗址”。随着城市化进程和新农村建设加速,这些大遗址面临着城市发展和新农村建设的多重挤压,生存环境日益恶化。而受到文物保护的局限,民众在遗址区的生产生活受到很多限制,生活条件难以得到改善。因此,这些大遗址逐渐成为城市中脏乱差的地方,甚至被人们视为城市发展的包袱和绊脚石。

中国社会科学院是我国人文社科领域最高学术殿堂,学科门类多,著名专家学者多,应该成为我国文化遗产保护研究的核心阵地。我们在若干学术领域、首先是考古学领域,为文化遗产保护做出了一些可喜的成绩。主要表现为:在我国的200多个市县,开展了数千项田野考古工作,为我国的古遗址古墓葬保护提供了大量科学依据;积极投入国家重大建设项目中的考古工作,从早年的三门峡黄河水利工程,到近年的三峡工程、南水北调工程,再到西安、洛阳、安阳等历史古城的城乡建设和经济建设项目,都有我们的贡献;通过各种方式,为各地培养输送了大量考古和文物保护专家;最近几年中,考古研究所实行考古与文化遗产保护并举并重战略,把文化遗产保护研究提高到创建国际知名、国内一流研究所的高度来认识,新设置“文化遗产保护研究中心”,积极推动考古与文保的结合,在遗址保护、考古现场文物保护、实验室考古和出土文物保护等方面,建树颇多;积极投入文化遗产保护理论研究和实践,承担大量文化遗产保护研究课题,倡导考古学与文化遗产保护紧密结合,提出了文化遗产保护类考古、实验室考古等新理念、新概念,为我国的大遗址保护和考古遗址公园建设做出重要的理论和实践贡献;参与百处大遗址保护总体规划、若干大遗址保护规划和展示方案的编制工作;受国家文物局委托,制定了考古发掘项目检查验收办法和标准、大遗址考古工作指导意见和工作要求、“十二五”大遗址考古规划纲要等。

    The Opinion proposes that by 2025, the excellent inheritance and
development system of fine Chinese traditional culture has basically
taken shape, and research and analysis, education popularization,
protection and inheritance, innovation and development, and
communication and exchange have made concerted efforts and achieved
important results. The Chinese characteristics, Chinese style, With more
rich cultural products, more cultural awareness and cultural confidence,
the foundation of national cultural soft power is more solidified, and
the international influence of Chinese culture is obviously improved.

为扭转这一局面,让这些大遗址得到有效保护与合理利用,充分发挥它们对地方经济社会和谐发展的促进作用,2005年中国政府正式设立大遗址保护专项资金,在过去的六年投入20多亿元启动大遗址保护工程。在各方的共同努力下,大遗址保护工作逐渐深入人心,得到地方政府、广大民众和社会各界的理解与支持,取得了丰硕的成果:我们首次发布了明长城测量数据,让“爱我中华,保护长城”成为全社会的共识;全面启动了大运河遗产的资源调查、考古发掘、保护规划编制、遗产保护和环境整治等各项工作;积极推进丝绸之路大遗址保护和跨国联合申遗工作,开展了丝绸之路沿线48处遗址点的保护工作;高句丽王城、王陵和贵族墓葬以及安阳殷墟保护工程成果显著,两处遗址均被联合国教科文组织列入《世界遗产名录》;良渚博物院、金沙博物馆、鸿山遗址博物馆等一批高水平的遗址博物馆相继建成,汉阳陵、大明宫等大遗址保护示范园区初具规模,首批12家国家考古遗址公园正式公布;目前,中国已初步形成了以两片、三线(长城、大运河、丝绸之路)为核心、以100处大遗址为支撑的大遗址保护格局,大遗址保护状况得到了初步改善。

国家文物局单霁翔局长《在中国社会科学院考古研究所成立60周年庆祝大会上的致辞》中对我们提出:希望中国社会科学院考古研究所充分发挥人才优势,打造我国文化遗产保护领域的智库,成为我国文化遗产保护重要的思想库和智囊团。对于这个期望,我们需要加倍努力方能实现。

Safety precautions

在一系列理论研究和实践的基础上,我们提出了《大遗址保护西安共识》、《关于建设考古遗址公园的良渚共识》和《大遗址保护洛阳宣言》,逐渐形成了大遗址保护的自身特色。大遗址保护是一种集成创新。它创新了保护理念,更加关注整体保护和可持续发展。充分吸纳国际文化遗产保护的真实性和完整性原则,重视遗址本体和环境风貌的协调一致。通过科学编制保护规划,统筹考虑大遗址考古、保护、研究、展示和利用,正确处理保护与利用,保护与发展的关系,让考古遗址和它所蕴含的历史信息得到传承和发展。同时,更加注意以人为本,尊重社会民众对文化遗产工作的知情权、参与权、监督权和受益权,充分考虑地方民众的需要和诉求,使他们更加充分享受到考古和文物保护的成果。它创新了保护模式,不再仅仅采用单纯的回填保护方式,而是通过积极建设考古遗址公园、遗址博物馆、大遗址保护示范园区等,使大遗址保护融入社会经济发展和民众生活,提升城市环境品质,充分发挥大遗址的宣教功能和社会服务功能,让大遗址焕发出新的生机与活力,变被动的保护,为主动的发展。它创新了保护机制,通过进一步加强与财政、建设、旅游、测绘等部门的沟通合作,整合各部门、各行业的资源和人员优势,建立起更为有效的合作机制,将大遗址保护从部门行为上升为国家战略,从政府行为上升为全社会共同参与的公益事业。此外,我们与湖北、陕西、甘肃、四川等地方人民政府签署了共建大遗址片区的协议,积极探索中央和地方在大遗址保护管理体制机制的新实践。

我认为,我院应该在如下方面为我国的文化遗产保护做出积极贡献:

      The Opinion proposes that party committees and governments at all
levels should lay stress on resolutely maintaining cultural confidence,
upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics, and
achieving the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. They must
earnestly place an important agenda for the transmission and development
of excellent Chinese traditional culture, step up macro-guidance,
Improve the degree of organization, incorporate it into the overall plan
of economic and social development, incorporate it into the evaluation
system, and include the important contents of teaching at Party schools
and administrative institutes at all levels. We will step up financial
support at all levels of the Central Government and local governments
and at the same time we will integrate and integrate relevant existing
funds to support the key projects for the development of outstanding
Chinese traditional culture. Revised cultural relics protection law.
Formulate the Law on Promotion of Cultural Industries and Law on Public
Libraries and other relevant laws and make institutional arrangements
for the inheritance and development of excellent Chinese traditional
culture.

各位学者,各位代表,中国的考古和大遗址保护虽然取得了很大的成就,但是在新的形势下也面临着诸多的挑战。我们深知保护好、研究好、利用好、发展好以大遗址为代表的历史文化遗产,是我们义不容辞的历史使命,也是我们对国际社会的庄严承诺。中国考古和文化遗产保护事业离不开国际的智慧,中国将以更加开放的胸怀,更加积极的态度,欢迎各国学者广泛参与其中,利用各位的专业学识和背景,以国际化的眼光和视角为我们出谋划策,让人类共有的文化遗产在我们的不懈努力下得到永续流传!

第一,加强文化遗产学科建设。当前主要是抓好文化遗产保护基础理论研究、政策法规研究、科学技术研究等。

Blessing home New Year dividing line

谢谢。

第二,做好大遗址考古科研。考古学是文化遗产保护的基础。在考古科研中应切实贯彻文化遗产保护理念,积极推动考古科研活动向着更加科学、更加规范、更加注重遗址保护的方向发展。当前,大遗址考古应将为大遗址保护提供充分、可靠的科学依据作为主要任务。

Important task

(童明康:国家文物局 副局长,中国古迹遗址保护协会 理事长,中国考古学会
副理事长)

第三,推进实验室考古。实验室考古是我院学者提出的新概念,旨在推动考古学的转型发展——把考古发掘研究与文化遗产保护紧密地融为一体,在考古科研和文化遗产保护中更多地采用新的科技手段。可以肯定,这是中国考古学新的学术生长点,也是考古学发展的重要方向。我院考古研究所在这个方面已经取得可喜成绩,所以,国家文物局提出希望以此为基础创建“实验室考古国家中心”,是个很好的倡议。我们应该从考古学学科发展甚至是从文化遗产学科建设的高度来认识和落实之。

Throughout national education has always been

The Archaeological Management Policies and Site Protection of China

第四,推动考古遗址公园和考古遗址博物馆建设。遗址保护是考古学可持续发展的基本保障。国家文物局正在积极推动的考古遗址公园和考古遗址博物馆建设,是我国文化遗产保护的重要举措。考古学界有责任、有义务、也有理由参入到这项事业中来,让我们的科研成果成为全体国民的共享资源。

      The Opinion proposes that we should follow the fundamental task of
the Lide Tree people, follow the law of students’ cognition and the law
of education and teaching, incorporate the excellent Chinese traditional
culture into the ideological and moral education in all aspects, in
accordance with the principles of integration, sub-learning and orderly
promotion. Cultural knowledge education, arts and physical education,
social practice all aspects of education, throughout the enlightenment
education, basic education, vocational education, higher education,
continuing education in all fields. Focus on kindergarten, primary and
middle school textbooks to build a Chinese culture curriculum and
textbook system. To compile Chinese-language preschool readings and
carry out a series of educational activities entitled “Youth Inheritance
of Chinese Traditional Virtues” and create series of pictures, nursery
rhymes, children’s songs and animations. Amendment of primary and
secondary school ethics and rule of law, language, history and other
course materials. Promote the opening of China’s excellent traditional
culture and compulsory courses in philosophy and social sciences and
related disciplines and courses to increase the Chinese outstanding
traditional culture. We will strengthen the construction of relevant
disciplines related to excellent Chinese traditional culture and attach
importance to the protection and development of the “must-see” and
off-topic disciplines that have important cultural values ​​and
inheritance significance. Promote the Inheritance and Innovation of
National Cultures in Professional Colleges and Universities. Enrich the
development of campus culture, promote drama, calligraphy, high art, and
traditional sports into the campus, implement the classic Chinese
recitation project, open an open class of Chinese culture, and do a good
job in demonstrating traditional culture and education achievements.
Study and formulate a national language education program to carry out
national language education. We will step up training of Chinese culture
and education for all teachers and raise their standard of teaching
staff in an all-round way.

Tong Mingkang

第五,做好文化遗产保护的教育和培训工作。充分利用我们的人才优势和科研资源优势,带动地方考古科研和文化遗产保护研究。采取多种方式,培养各式文化遗产保护实用人才。(王伟光:中国社会科学院常务副院长)

In-depth analysis of the essence of culture

(Deputy Director of the State Administration of Cultural Heritage,
President of China International Council on Monuments and Sites, Vice
Chairman of the Executive Committee of Chinese Society of Archaeology)

Be the Pioneer of Cultural Heritage Protection

    The Opinion proposes: It is necessary to strengthen the compilation
and revision of the history of the party history and related archives,
do a good job in the compilation of local history records, consolidate
the achievements in exploring the origin of Chinese civilization,
correctly reflect the history of civilization in the Chinese nation, and
launch a batch of research results. The implementation of the census of
Chinese cultural resources project, build accurate and authoritative,
open and shared Chinese cultural resources public data platform.
Establish a system of national cultural relics registration. We will
establish a strategic repository for national documents, a catalog of
revolutionary cultural relics and a large database. The implementation
of the national ancient books protection project, improve the national
list of precious ancient books and national key protection units of
ancient evaluation system, strengthen the compilation and editing of
Chinese culture classics and publishing work. Improve the intangible
cultural heritage, the collection of cultural relics archive system.

Ladies and Gentlemen, my dear friends: Good Morning!

Wang Weiguang (Executive Deputy President, Chinese Academy of Social
Sciences)

Protect the heritage of cultural heritage

I am very glad to be invited to participate in the Inter-Congress
Meeting of the World Archaeological Conference and to discuss with the
archaeological experts and scholars from all over the world on the
current Cultural Heritage Management in East and Southeast Asia and
other hotspot and difficult issues in the international archaeological
researches and academic developments. First, on behalf of the State
Administration of Cultural Heritage, I hereby warmly welcome all
friends, and also express my sincere congratulations to the successful
opening of this important assembly.

As a multi-ethnic country with a vast territory, China has a long
history and splendid culture, the cultural heritage of China is very
rich and diversified. They are the crystallization of Chinese culture
and the bond of the unity of Chinese nationality. To study, protect and
pass down these valuable cultural heritages are related to the
construction of the common spiritual home of whole nation.

    The “Opinions” put forward the following suggestions: sticking to
the principle of “protecting first, rescuing first, rationally utilizing
and strengthening management”, doing a good job in the protection of
cultural relics, rescuing and protecting endangered cultural relics,
implementing the plan of rehabilitating the cultural relics in the
collection, and strengthening cultural relics in the process of new
urbanization and new rural reconstruction protection. We will strengthen
the protection of historic and cultural towns and villages, historic and
cultural blocks, the protection of the former residences and the
management of urban features, and the implementation of the traditional
Chinese village conservation project. We will do a good job in the
protection of traditional houses, historic buildings, revolutionary
cultural monuments, agricultural heritage and industrial heritage.
Vigorously promote and standardize the use of national languages, to
protect the heritage of dialect culture. We will carry out cultural and
ethical protection of ethnic minorities, strengthen the protection and
dissemination of minority languages ​​and classics, and do a good job in
translating and publishing the classic documents of the ethnic
minorities and the Han nationality. The implementation of Chinese folk
music publishing project, Chinese folk literature publishing project.
Promote the national traditional sports project finishing research and
protection heritage.

Since the remote ancient times, the ancestors of all nationalities in
China have been working, living and multiplying in this fertile land.
Five thousand years of Chinese Civilization develops uninterruptedly,
China’s historical and cultural heritages of large quantities and
diversified types are widely distributed, which are the embodiments of
the strong vitality of Chinese Civilization, the roots and veins of the
Chinese Nationality and also the valuable cultural treasure of the whole
humankind.

Workers of humanities and social sciences are the main power of the
cultural heritage researches; the experts and scholars of archeology,
history, ethnology, religion, literature and other fields must stand on
the forefront of cultural heritage studies and dedicate to the cultural
heritage protection cause. We should actively and consciously put
meeting the needs of cultural heritage protection on the important
position of our research work.

Promote the cultural exchange between China and foreign Kam

The Chinese government regards protecting, passing down and developing
the precious historical and cultural heritage as one of the important
government functions, and actively explores the unique paths of cultural
heritage protection matching China’s national conditions and the
development demands of this cause. In recent years, our government is
increasing investment and support in cultural heritage protection,
especially in the protection and management of archaeological sites,
emphasizing the absorbing and synthesizing the valuable experience and
achievements of international cultural heritage protection, adapting
them into China’s actual conditions, and carrying out a lot of fruitful
work. Today, I take this opportunity to briefly introduce China’s
current archaeological management policies and site protection of the
newest results to our counterparts.

During the past decade, especially in the recent years, our cultural
heritage protection focused on large site protection has made tremendous
progress; the government attached great importance, the society took
wide participation; the investments are large, and the projects are
numerous and the achievements are remarkable. All of these not only
effectively improved the conservation status of large sites and
efficiently enhanced the sustainability of cultural heritages, but also
forcefully promoted the economic and social developments and the
improvement of the people’s lives.

      The Opinion proposes that we should step up cultural exchanges and
cooperation with foreign countries, innovate humane exchanges, enrich
cultural exchanges and continuously raise the level of cultural
exchanges. Support Chinese medicine, Chinese cooking, Chinese Wushu,
Chinese classics, Chinese artifacts, Chinese gardens, Chinese festivals
and other traditional Chinese cultural projects to go out. We will
strengthen national cultural exchange and cooperation along the “Belt
and Road”. Encourage the development of foreign cultural and trade, so
that more reflect the characteristics of Chinese culture, with strong
competitiveness of cultural products to the international market. We
will promote international exchange of Sinology and the cooperation
between Chinese and foreign think tanks, strengthen the international
promotion and dissemination of Chinese publications, support sinologists
and overseas publishers to translate and publish Chinese books, and
overseas Chinese, celebrities of culture and sports, personnel who leave
China in various fields, Funded enterprises, friendly cooperation
agencies with me and Chinese restaurants all over the world. They are
good at telling Chinese stories, spreading good Chinese voices,
interpreting good Chinese characteristics and displaying good images of
China.

One:China’s Current Archaeological Management Policies

In 1997, the State Council promulgated the Circular of the State Council
Concerning the Strengthening and Improvement of the Work Related to
Cultural Relics, which put forward the idea of the organic integration
of the large site protection with economic and social developments and
the improving of the people’s living standards, and fundamentally
changed the unfavorable situation of the ancient heritage protection. In
2002, the State Administration for Cultural Heritage issued the Large
Site Protection Scheme in the Tenth Five-year Plan to start the
implementation of 50 key projects of large site protection. In 2005, the
State Administration of Cultural Heritage and Ministry of Finance
jointly designed the General Protection Scheme of the Large Sites during
the Eleventh Five-Year Plan Period to determine 100 large sites as the
key protection projects. In 2006, the State Council promulgated the
National Outline of Cultural Development Program in the Eleventh
Five-Year Plan, in which these 100 large sites are listed as key
projects and constructions of national cultural heritage protection.

Culture is the blood of the nation and the spiritual home of the people.
Cultural self-confidence is a more basic, deeper and more lasting power.
The unique concept, wisdom, grace and charm of Chinese culture have
added confidence and pride to the hearts of the Chinese people and the
Chinese nation. For the construction of a strong socialist culture,
enhance the country’s cultural soft power, and realize the great
rejuvenation of the Chinese nation’s dream of China, the following is
the opinion on implementing the project of inheriting and developing
Chinese excellent traditional culture.

China is the largest developing country in the world. For the national
sustainable, healthy and rapid development, the continuous improving of
the domestic economic level and the people’s living conditions will
remain the Chinese government’s main task for a rather long time.
According to China’s current national conditions and the situation of
the cultural heritage protection, we defined and implemented
archaeological management policies with Chinese characteristics, mainly
in the following aspects:

During the past five years, the State Administration of Cultural
Heritage, the local governments and cultural heritage workers of all of
the regions, under the direction of the Scientific Outlook on
Development and with the spirits of emancipating the mind, exploring
innovation and being brave on practices, found a unique path of cultural
heritage protection matching China’s national conditions and
characteristics. We have done the following: holding on coordinating the
relationships between the long-term interests and the immediate
interests and the overall interests and partial interests; holding on
the principle of being not only favorable to cultural heritage
protection, but also favorable to economic development and improving the
people’s quality of life; holding on the principles of guiding by the
central government and cooperating of the local governments, overall
planning, concentrating the investments on key projects and
effects-oriented; insisting that planning in advance, focusing on the
key projects, conducting step by step, paying attention on the
protection and demonstration of the main body of the cultural heritages.

First, the importance and general requirements

First, strengthening the archaeological and cultural heritage
conservation work in the basic constructions. To be adapted to the
situation of the increasing large and medium national constructions and
urban infrastructure projects and increasingly onerous archaeological
tasks, the State Administration of Cultural Heritage strengthened the
collaboration with relevant departments to gradually standardize the
procedures of archaeological work in basic constructions, both to ensure
the smooth implementation of national economic constructions as well as
to rescue and protect as many as possible precious cultural heritages.
For Example, the Cultural Heritage Protection of the Three Gorges
Project, which involved 1087 archaeological and conservation projects,
was organized by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage and
organized a total of 110 institutions and more than 7,000 people to
participate in, creating modes of large-scale conservation planning in
advance of the engineering projects and the modern conservation project
management, initiating the large-scale battles by organizing nationwide
forces to rescue cultural heritages, accumulating a lot of physical data
for the studies of the history and culture of the Three Gorges region
and retaining the precious memories and historical context of the
reservoir area for the local people and their descendants.

During the past five years, the State Administration of Cultural
Heritage made great efforts to promote the cultural heritage protection
by focusing on the important archaeological sites in the “Two Plots
(Xi’an and Luoyang)” and along the “Three Lines (the Great Wall, Grand
Canal and the Silk Road)” and making the construction of heritage parks
as the key measures. For this, the central government invested two
billion yuan of special funds to ninety-nine large sites in twenty-three
provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions to promote local
government to invest thirty billion matching to ensure the smooth
implementation of a set of preservation projects. The concrete results
include: the completion of protection plan schemes of one hundred large
sites, the completion of protection plans of more than sixth large
sites; the successes of Yinxu Site in Anyang City and Capital Cities and
Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom to be listed as the UNESCO’s World
Heritages; the completion of the Archaeological Site Museums of Yinxu,
Liangzhu, Jinsha, Hongshan and so on; the successful completion of the
first group of National Heritage Parks including the Tang Daming Palace,
Sui and Tang Luoyang City, Liangzhu, Hongshan and so on, in total of
twelve Sites; the starting up of the construction of the National
Heritage Parks including Niuheliang, Liye, Changsha Kiln, etc.; the
fulfillments of the resource survey of the Ming Great Wall and the
maintenance project of Shanhaiguan Pass; the application of the Grand
Canal and the international cooperative application of the Silk Road for
the World Heritages are being continued.

  1. Significance. Chinese culture has a long history, brilliant. The
    outstanding Chinese traditional culture, which has been nurtured in the
    development of civilization for more than 5,000 years, accumulates the
    deepest spiritual pursuit of the Chinese nation and represents the
    unique spiritual identity of the Chinese nation. It is a generous
    nourishment that the Chinese nation has ever-growing growth and
    development, and is a socialism with Chinese characteristics Rooted
    cultural fertile soil is a prominent advantage in the development of
    contemporary China and plays an important role in continuing and
    developing Chinese civilization and promoting the progress of human
    civilization.

Second, increasing the quality and level of archaeological work. The
Government actively promotes the awareness of archaeological topics, the
awareness of science and technology and that of conservation and
bringing up the academic developments through important projects and
scientific and technological progresses. Associated with the Exploration
on the Origin of Chinese Civilization Project and other key national
research projects, the trans-regional, multi-disciplinary cooperative
archaeological projects are orderly conducted; the abilities of
emergency protection of the unearthed artifacts are improved through the
research and development of archaeological equipment and technological
innovation; the onsite cultural heritage conservation at the first
moment in the excavation scenes is stressed to maximize access to
archaeological information; the GIS, three-dimensional laser scanning
technologies and other modern scientific and technological products are
vigorously promoted in the archaeological projects; the establishments
and practices of 14C precise dating, pollen analysis and other new
technologies and methods constantly expand the depth and breadth of
understanding of archeology; relying on professional scientific research
bases, the archaeological work is provided with strong technical
support. In addition, the emphasis on the service nature of
archaeological work and the various ways to publicize the archaeology,
such as inviting visits to the archaeological excavation sites, lectures
and so on, make the achievements of archaeological work serve the
society and the public.

Under the directing of the State Administration of Cultural Heritage,
the local governments and the people of all walks of lives actively
participate in the cultural heritage protection activities, including
the on-the-spot meetings and the Large Site Protection Forums; the large
site protection work conferences have been held in Luoyang, Wuxi, Xi’an,
Hangzhou, Chengdu and other places, the “Xi’an Manifesto”, “Liangzhu
Consensus”, “Luoyang Manifesto” and other documents published by which
cleared the principles, purposes and approaches of the current large
site protection of our country. The determination and confidence of the
local government and the society to protect large sites are much firmer
than ever before. We can promise that in the next few years, our
cultural heritage protection cause will enter a new stage and erect a
shining milestone.

In the great practice of leading the people in revolution, construction
and reform, the Chinese Communist Party has consciously shouldered the
historical responsibility of inheriting and developing the outstanding
traditional Chinese culture and is the true successor, promoter and
builder of the excellent Chinese traditional culture. Under the
leadership of the party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the
core, the party committees and governments at all levels have been more
conscious and have taken the initiative to promote the inheritance and
development of the fine traditional Chinese culture since the 18th CPC
National Congress. They have conducted a series of innovative and
productive work , Effectively enhancing the cohesion, influence and
creativity of the excellent Chinese traditional culture. At the same
time, we should also see that with the profound economic and social
changes in our country, the opening up to the outside world is
expanding, the rapid development of Internet technology and new media,
the frequent exchange of various ideological and cultural exchanges and
the intensification of conflicts require an urgent need to deepen our
understanding of the importance of excellent Chinese traditional culture
and further Enhance cultural awareness and cultural self-confidence;
there is an urgent need to further tap the connotation of excellent
Chinese traditional culture value and to further stimulate the vigor and
vitality of the outstanding Chinese traditional culture; there is an
urgent need to strengthen policy support and focus on building an
excellent Chinese traditional culture inheritance and development
system. The implementation of the excellent traditional Chinese culture
and heritage development project is a major strategic task of building a
strong socialist country. It is a major strategic task for building a
socialist country with a strong cultural heritage. It is important for
inheriting the Chinese culture, enhancing people’s cultural
accomplishment, safeguarding national cultural security, enhancing the
country’s cultural soft power, and promoting the state governing system
and governance The ability to modernize is of great significance.

Third, overall enhancing the security of cultural relics. China is in
the process of rapid economic development and urbanization, which is the
most heavy and urgent time for the cultural heritage protection. At the
same time, the criminal activity of looting of ancient tombs is showing
a collectivizing, intelligent, professional and violent trend, and the
security of the cultural heritages is at high risk. The State
Administration of Cultural Heritage puts the security of the cultural
heritage on an important position, and has set a dedicated agency
responsible for the nationwide security of the cultural heritages, and
actively coordinates relevant departments to establish a national
cultural heritage security inter-ministerial joint conference system. In
2010, we deployed a special campaign to fight cultural heritage crimes
in nine major provinces, which effectively held back the momentum of
high incidence of cultural heritage crimes. At the same time, the state
strictly prohibits excavation of the imperial mausoleums, and advocates
the sustainable protection and utilization of cultural resources, so
that our future generations can also enjoy the valuable historic and
cultural heritages created by our ancestors.

China Academy of Social Sciences is the highest academic institution in
the fields of humanities and social sciences of our country; she has the
most disciplines and well-known experts and scholars, so she ought to be
the center of our cultural heritage protection researches. We have made
some encouraging results in some fields, especially the ones of
archeology, for our cultural heritage protection cause. The main ones
are: in more than two hundred cities and counties, the scholars from
Chinese Academy of Social Sciences carried out thousands of
archaeological fieldwork projects, which provides large amount of
scientific proofs for the protection of the ancient sites and tombs in
China; they actively involved in the archaeological work in the major
national construction projects from the Sanmenxia Yellow River Hydraulic
Engineering Project in the early years, to the Three Gorges Project,
South-North Water Transfer Project and the urban and rural economic
development projects in Xi’an, Luoyang, Anyang and other historical
cities in the recent years; by various ways, the CASS trained and
provided a large number of archaeological and cultural heritage
preservation personnel for the local institutions; in recent years, the
Institute of Archaeology applied strategy of paying equal attention to
the archeology and cultural heritage protection, and raising the
importance of the researches on the cultural heritage protection to the
level of one of the standards of a world-renowned and domestic
first-class Institute. The new-established Conservation and Research
Center for Cultural Heritage actively promotes the integration of
archaeology and cultural protection, and has made some achievements in
the site protection, the onsite preservation of artifacts in excavation
scenes, laboratory archaeology and the conservation of unearthed
cultural relics, and so on; the scholars of the Institute of Archaeology
are actively involved in cultural heritage conservation theoretical
researches and practices, undertake a large number of cultural heritage
protection research projects, and have proposed new concepts and ideas
such as the archaeological specialties of cultural heritage protection
and laboratory archaeology, which contributed greatly to theories and
practices of the large site protection and heritage park constructions;
they participated in the designing of the general protection plan of the
one hundred large sites and the editing of the conservation and
demonstration programs of a number of large sites; commissioned by the
State Administration of Cultural Heritage, they constituted the
inspection and acceptance standards of the archaeological excavation
projects, the guiding opinions of the archaeological work of large sites
work requirements and Large Site Archaeology Scheme in the Twelfth
Five-year Plan and so on.

  1. guiding ideology. Hold high the great banner of socialism with
    Chinese characteristics and fully implement the spirit of the 18th CPC
    National Congress and the 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th Plenary Sessions of the
    18th CPC Central Committee, adhere to the principle of taking
    Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory and “three
    represents” Important thought and scientific outlook on development as
    the guideline, thoroughly implement the spirit of the important speech
    of General Secretary Xi Jinping and the new ideological new strategy of
    governing state affairs and politics, focus on the realization of the
    Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation,
    thoroughly implement the concept of new development, persist in taking
    the people As the center’s work orientation, adhere to the core values
    ​​of socialism as the guide, adhere to the creative transformation,
    innovative development, adhere to the Chinese cultural stand, inherit
    the Chinese cultural genes, never forget the original, to absorb foreign
    and future-oriented, learn from China wisdom, carry forward the spirit
    of China Spread the value of China, continuously enhance the vitality
    and influence of the outstanding Chinese traditional culture, and create
    a new glory of Chinese culture.

  2. The basic principle

Fourth, positively encouraging international cooperative archaeological
and heritage conservation projects. The birth and continuous development
of Chinese Archaeology cannot leave the international archaeologists’
participation. In recent years, Sino-foreign joint archaeological and
conservation work has shown a sound momentum of vigorous development: we
have conducted cooperation with many countries on the origins of
civilization and agriculture, salt industry archeology, city site
archeology, cultural relic protection and other aspects of the
researches, which greatly promoted the development of archeology of
China and the world. At the same time of “Inviting in”, China’s
archaeological institutions and scholars are also actively “Walking out”
abroad, who have been to Mongolia, Kenya, Central Asia and other
countries and regions to cooperate archaeological work, which strongly
propelled China’s international cultural communication and cooperation.
In the future, China will welcome international professionals having the
strength to carry out archaeological research in China to do cooperative
archaeological projects in various fields and jointly moreover promote
the progress of archeology of China and the world.Two. The Achievements
of the Archaeological Site Protection in China

In his Celebration Speech of the Sixtieth Anniversary of the Institute
of Archaeology, Mr. Shan Jixiang, the Director of the State
Administration of Cultural Heritage, hopes us to give the personnel
advantage into full play to build think tank of our cultural heritage
protection field and to become a major intelligence bank of the cultural
heritage protection of our country. For this expectation, we need to
redouble our efforts to achieve.

– Firmly Grasp the Advancing Direction of Socialist Advanced Culture.
Adhere to the path of socialist cultural development with Chinese
characteristics, based on consolidating the guiding position of Marxism
in the field of ideology, consolidating the common ideological
foundation for the entire party and the people in the country through
unity and struggle, promoting the socialist core values, nurturing the
national spirit and the spirit of the times, and resolving practical
problems , Boost social development.

China’s preservation contexts of archaeological sites are complex, and
the protection is difficult. Among them, some large-scale sites and
tombs have significant values and far-reaching influences, which are the
condensations and irreplaceable important roles of the development
Chinese Nationality and the historical process of evolution in the
history of Chinese civilization, such as the Yinxu Site, the Han
Chang’an City, the Daming Palace of the Tang Dynasty, the Sui and Tang
Luoyang City and so on, which we call as “large sites”. With the
accelerated urbanization and the construction of new rural areas, these
large sites are facing multiple encroaching from the urban rural
directions, and their peripheral environments are getting worse and
worse. By the limitations of the cultural relic protection regulations,
the people living in the site area of production subject to many
restrictions, and their difficult living conditions are improving.
Therefore, these large sites gradually become dirty and messy places in
the urban areas, and are even seen as a burden and obstacle to urban
development.

I think, our academy should make the following contributions to the
cultural heritage protection cause of our country:

– Adhere to the people as the center of the work-oriented. Adhere to
the people, rely on the people, build and share, pay attention to
cultural influence and practice to develop, the ideas and values
​​across the time and space, aesthetic style into people’s spiritual
pursuit and behavior, and constantly enhance the people’s sense of
cultural participation, Gain a sense of identity and identity, the
formation of a good social practice.

To reverse this situation, to get these sites to be effectively
protected and rationally utilized and give full play of their promoting
function to local economic development and social harmony, in 2005 the
Chinese Government officially set up special funds to protect large
sites; in the past six years since, more than two billion yuan is
invested to start large site protection projects. under the joint
efforts of all social aspects, the idea of large site protection has
been widely accepted, got the understanding and support of local
governments, the general public and all walks of lives, and achieved
fruitful results: We for the first time published the survey data of the
Ming Great Wall, so that “I love China, I protect the Great Wall” became
a society-wide consensus; we comprehensively started the resource
surveys, archaeological excavations conservation scheme designing,
heritage protection and environmental remediation and other work of the
Grand Canal heritage; we actively promoted the international joint
application of Silk Road for World Heritage, for which we carried out
protections of 48 loci along the Silk Road; the protections of the
Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom and the Yinxu
Site in Anyang have achieved remarkable results, the two sites of which
are listed by UNESCO as “World Heritages”; the Liangzhu Museum, Jinsha
Museum, Hongshan Site Museum and a number of high-level site museums
have been completed; the Yangling Museum of the Han Dynasty, the Daming
Palace Site protection and other large demonstration zones have
preliminarily shaped, the first set of twelve National Heritage Parks
have been officially published; at present, China has formed a large
site protection network centered by Two Plots (Xi’an and Luoyang) and
Three Lines (the Great Wall, Grand Canal and the Silk Road) and
backboned by 100 large sites, and the large site protection status has
been initially improved.

First, strengthening the disciplinary construction of cultural heritage
protection discipline. At present, our main tasks are concentrating on
the researches on the basic researches, policies, laws and regulations
and scientific and technological researches of cultural heritage
protection.

– Adhere to the creative transformation and innovative development.
Adhere to the dialectical materialism and historical materialism, uphold
the objective, scientific and courteous attitude, take its essence, to
its dross, abandon inheritance, transformation and innovation, not retro
ancient muddy, not simply denial, and constantly give new connotation of
the times and the modern expression Form, continue to supplement,
expand, improve, so that the most basic Chinese cultural genes and
contemporary culture to adapt and coordinate with modern society.

Based on a series of theoretical research and practices, we proposed the
“Xi’an Manifesto on Large Site Protection”, “Liangzhu Consensus on the
Construction of Archaeological Site Parks” and the “Declaration of
Luoyang Manifesto on Large Site Protection” and gradually formed the
unique characteristics of large site protection of our own. Large site
protection is an integrated innovation. It innovated protection ideas
which are more concerned with the overall protection and sustainable
development. It fully absorbed the international cultural heritage
protection principles of authenticity and integrity, attention to the
bodies of the sites and environmental landscape coherence. Conservation
schemes are designed through the scientific preparation with considering
the archaeology, conservation, research, demonstration and utilization;
correctly deal with the relations between protection and utilization and
protection and development, so that these archaeological sites and the
historical information they contain can be passed down and developed. At
the same time, more attention is paid to people-oriented principle,
respecting the social people of the information, participation,
supervision and beneficiary of the cultural heritage, fully considering
the needs and aspirations of local people, so that they can more fully
enjoy the achievements of archaeological fieldwork and heritage
protection. It has created a protected mode, which no longer just by a
simple backfill protection, but by actively building archaeological
parks, site museums and/or large site protection demonstration gardens,
so that the large site protections can be grafted into socio-economic
development and people’s lives to enhance the city environmental
quality, to fully play the roles of publicizing, educating and social
service functions of these large sites, make the large sites regain new
vigor and vitality, change from passive protection to active
development. It has created a protection mechanism by further
strengthening the communication and cooperation with the financial,
construction, tourism, surveying and other departments and integrating
all departments and industry resources and personnel advantages to
establish more effective cooperation mechanism to raise large site
protection from the department activity to a national strategy, and from
the government acts to the public welfare participated in by the whole
society. In addition, we have signed agreements to cooperatively build
large site zones with Hubei, Shaanxi, Gansu, Sichuan and some other
local governments, and have been actively exploring new mechanisms for
protection and management of large sites under the collaboration of the
central and local institutions.

Second, doing well the researches on the archaeologies of large sites.
Archaeology is the foundation for cultural heritage protection. In
archaeological researches, the idea of cultural heritage protection
should be effectively implemented, and the archaeological research
activities should be directed to the route of more scientific, more
standardized and more emphasis on the site protection. At present,
archaeological fieldwork on the large sites should make providing
adequate and reliable scientific evidence to the protection of these
sites as the main task.

– Insist on mutual exchange and reflection, be open and inclusive. Take
me as our main source, use what I have learned, learn from each other’s
strengths, and choose the right one from the ground. Neither simple nor
exclusive, absorb and learn from the outstanding achievements of
civilizations abroad, actively participate in the dialogue and exchange
of world culture, and constantly enrich and develop Chinese culture.

Dear experts and distinguished delegates, the large archaeological site
protection of China has made great achievements, but is also facing many
challenges in the new situation. We deeply understand that to well
protect, research, utilize and develop the large sites as the
representatives of historical and cultural heritages is our bounden
historic mission as well as our solemn commitment to the international
community. The archaeology and cultural heritage protection causes of
China are inseparable from international intelligence; the China will
welcome the broad participation of international scholars with more open
mind and a more positive attitude and hope you use the professional
knowledge and background and the international views and perspective for
us to make plans, so that the cultural heritages shared by the whole
mankind to be sustainable spread in our relentless efforts!

Third, promoting the Laboratory Archaeology. Laboratory Archaeology is a
new concept put forth by the scholars of our academy, the goal of which
is to promote the transformational development of archeology – the tight
integration of the archaeological excavations and researches with the
cultural heritage protection, for which more new scientific and
technological means should be applied. To be sure, this is a new
academic growth point of Chinese Archaeology, as well as an important
tendency of archaeology of the world. The Institute of Archaeology of
our academy has achieved gratifying results, therefore, the State
Administration of Cultural Heritage suggested to build a “National
Center for Laboratory Archaeology” based on them, and this is a good
initiative. We should understand and implement this task from the level
of the disciplinary development of archeology and even the disciplinary
construction of cultural heritage protection.

– Adhere to co-ordination and coordination, to form a joint force. We
should strengthen party leadership, give full play to the leading role
of the government and the positive role of the market, encourage and
guide the extensive participation of social forces, and promote the
formation of institutional mechanisms and social environments conducive
to the inheritance and development of the excellent traditional Chinese
culture.

Thank you!

Fourth, promoting the construction of archaeological site parks and
museums. Archaeological site protection is the basic guarantee for
sustainable development of archaeology. State Administration of Cultural
Heritage is actively promoting the constructions of archaeological site
parks and museums, which is an important measure to protect the cultural
heritage of our country. Archaeologists have the responsibility,
obligation and the reasons to take part in this cause to make our
research achievements into the resources shared by all of the citizens.

  1. Overall objective. By 2025, the excellent inheritance and development
    system of Chinese traditional culture has basically taken shape, and
    research and development, popularization of education, protection and
    inheritance, innovation and development, and dissemination and
    communication have progressed in a synergistic manner and achieved
    important results. The cultural products with Chinese characteristics,
    Chinese style and Chinese style are even more Abundance, cultural
    awareness and cultural confidence have been significantly enhanced. The
    foundation of national cultural soft power has become more solid. The
    international influence of Chinese culture has been significantly
    enhanced.

Fifth, doing well the education and training of cultural heritage
protection. Fully take advantage of our personnel and research
resources, promote local archaeological and cultural heritage protection
researches. Various ways can be taken to cultivate practical personnel
for all types and fields of cultural heritage protection.

Second, the main content

  1. Core idea concept. The basic ideological concepts cultivated and
    formed by the Chinese nation and the Chinese people during the process
    of repairing Qi Zhiping, respecting the status quo, respecting the
    status quo, understanding and reforming the past, opening a new career
    and building their own merits and achievements, such as reform and
    innovation, keep pace with the times, down-to-earth and seeking truth
    from facts Ideas, ideas of benefiting the people and enriching the
    people, thoughts of enriching the people and enriching the people, ideas
    of nature and harmony between man and nature, can provide useful
    enlightenment for people to recognize and transform the world and can
    provide useful reference for governing the country. To inherit and
    develop the excellent Chinese traditional culture, we must vigorously
    carry forward the core ideological concepts of benevolence, valuing the
    people, keeping integrity, upholding justice, harmony, and seeking
    common ground.

  2. Chinese traditional virtues. Chinese excellent traditional culture
    embodies a wealth of ethical ideas and norms, such as the rise and fall
    of the world, each responsible for the sense of responsibility, serve
    the country, rejuvenating the patriotic feelings of China, Zonta to the
    good, Concept of honor and disgrace reflects the merits and demerits of
    the standard of value, subtly affects the Chinese way of doing things.
    To inherit and develop the excellent Chinese traditional culture, we
    must vigorously carry forward the traditional Chinese virtues of
    self-improvement, dedication, poverty alleviation, courageous
    benevolence, love of God and filial piety.

  3. Chinese humanistic spirit. Chinese excellent traditional culture has
    accumulated diverse and precious spiritual wealth, such as seeking
    common grounds while reserving differences, and different methods of
    life, which are based on the principle of cultural enlightenment, the
    combination of both form and spirit, the aesthetic pursuit of scene
    blending, He Taihe’s philosophy of life is a concentrated expression of
    the Chinese people’s ideas, customs, lifestyles and emotional styles,
    and nourishes the rich and unique literary arts, science and technology,
    and humanities, which still have a profound impact to this day. To
    inherit and develop the excellent Chinese traditional culture, we must
    vigorously carry forward the ideological and cultural contents that are
    conducive to promoting social harmony and encouraging people to make
    progress toward being good.

Third, the key tasks

  1. In-depth analysis of the essence of culture. Strengthen the
    interpretation and study of Chinese culture, thoroughly study and
    explain the historical origins, development context and basic trends of
    Chinese culture, profoundly expound the outstanding Chinese traditional
    culture, and enrich the profound nourishment of Marxism in contemporary
    China, and profoundly expound the inheritance and development of
    outstanding Chinese traditional culture and construction of Chinese
    characteristics The necessity of implementing the cause of socialism
    profoundly expounds the rich and colorful multi-ethnic culture as the
    basic constitution of Chinese culture, profoundly expounds the rich
    development of Chinese civilization in the constant exchange and mutual
    exchange with other civilizations, and endeavors to build a platform
    with Chinese heritage and Chinese characteristics Ideological system,
    academic system and discourse system. Strengthen the history of the
    history of the party history and related archives compilation, do a good
    job of compiling local chronicle, consolidate the achievements of
    exploration of Chinese civilization, correctly reflect the history of
    civilization of the Chinese nation, and launch a batch of research
    results. The implementation of the census of Chinese cultural resources
    project, build accurate and authoritative, open and shared Chinese
    cultural resources public data platform. Establish a system of national
    cultural relics registration. We will establish a strategic repository
    for national documents, a catalog of revolutionary cultural relics and a
    large database. The implementation of the national ancient books
    protection project, improve the national list of precious ancient books
    and national key protection units of ancient evaluation system,
    strengthen the compilation and editing of Chinese culture classics and
    publishing work. Improve the intangible cultural heritage, the
    collection of cultural relics archive system.

  2. Throughout national education has always been. Focusing on the
    fundamental tasks of Lideshu people, following the principle of
    students’ cognition and education and teaching, according to the
    principles of integration, sub-learning and orderly promotion, the
    excellent Chinese traditional culture should be integrated into the
    ideological and moral education, cultural knowledge education, arts and
    sports Education, social practice all aspects of education, throughout
    the enlightenment education, basic education, vocational education,
    higher education, continuing education in all fields. Focus on
    kindergarten, primary and secondary school textbooks to build a Chinese
    culture curriculum and textbook system. To compile Chinese-language
    preschool readings and carry out a series of educational activities
    entitled “Youth Inheritance of Chinese Traditional Virtues” and create
    series of pictures, nursery rhymes, children’s songs and animations.
    Amendment of primary and secondary school ethics and rule of law,
    language, history and other course materials. Promote the opening of
    China’s excellent traditional culture and compulsory courses in
    philosophy and social sciences and related disciplines and courses to
    increase the Chinese outstanding traditional culture. We will strengthen
    the construction of relevant disciplines related to the fine Chinese
    traditional culture and attach importance to the protection and
    development of the “must-see” and popular disciplines that have
    important cultural values ​​and inheritance significance. Promote the
    Inheritance and Innovation of National Cultures in Professional Colleges
    and Universities. Enrich the development of campus culture, promote
    drama, calligraphy, high art, and traditional sports into the campus,
    implement the classic Chinese recitation project, open an open class of
    Chinese culture, and do a good job in demonstrating traditional culture
    and education achievements. Study and formulate a national language
    education program and carry out national language education. We will
    step up training of Chinese culture and education for all teachers and
    raise their standard of teaching staff in an all-round way.

  3. Protect the heritage of cultural heritage. Adhere to the principle
    of “protection first”, “first aid first, rational utilization and
    strengthening management”, do a good job in the protection of cultural
    relics, rescue and safeguarding endangered cultural relics, implement
    restoration plans of cultural relics in collections, and strengthen
    cultural relic protection in new urbanization and new rural
    reconstruction. We will strengthen the protection of historic and
    cultural towns and villages, historic and cultural blocks, the
    protection of the former residences and the management of urban
    features, and the implementation of the traditional Chinese village
    conservation project. We will do a good job in the protection of
    traditional houses, historic buildings, revolutionary cultural
    monuments, agricultural heritage and industrial heritage. Planning and
    construction of a number of national cultural park, an important symbol
    of Chinese culture. Promote the protection of geographical names and
    cultural heritage. Implement the project of inheritance and development
    of intangible cultural heritage and further improve the system of
    protection of intangible cultural heritage. Implement the revitalization
    plan of traditional craft. Vigorously promote and standardize the use of
    national languages, to protect the heritage of dialect culture. We will
    carry out cultural and ethical protection of ethnic minorities,
    strengthen the protection and dissemination of minority languages ​​and
    classics, and do a good job in translating and publishing the classic
    documents of the ethnic minorities and the Han nationality. The
    implementation of Chinese folk music publishing project, Chinese folk
    literature publishing project. Promote the national traditional sports
    project finishing research and protection heritage.

  4. Nourish literary and artistic creation. He is good at extracting the
    theme from the treasure house of Chinese culture resources, acquiring
    inspiration, absorbing nutrients, integrating the useful thoughts and
    artistic values ​​of Chinese outstanding traditional culture with the
    characteristics and requirements of the times, using a rich and varied
    art form for contemporary expression, and launching a large number of
    deep-rooted , Han people outstanding literary and artistic works.
    Scientific preparation of major revolutionary and historical themes,
    realistic themes, themes of patriotism, themes of youth and other
    special creative planning, improve the organization of creative
    production level, highlighting the spirit of Chinese culture and
    aesthetic style. Strengthen the Chinese poetry, music and dance,
    calligraphy and painting, folk art and history and culture documentary,
    animation, publications and other support. Perform the revitalization of
    the opera project, do a good job of opera like “audio and video”,
    excavate and organize outstanding traditional repertory and promote
    digital preservation and dissemination. We will implement the plan of
    dissemination and creation of online literature and art and promote the
    development of excellent Chinese traditional culture through network
    literature, online music, online drama and microfilm. We will implement
    the animation project of Chinese classic folk tales, the project of
    Chinese culture and television broadcasting, and organize the production
    of a series of cartoons, documentaries and programs that inherit the
    Chinese cultural gene and have public affiliation. Vigorously strengthen
    the literary criticism, reform and improvement of literature and art
    awards, the establishment of literary and art research with Chinese
    characteristics commentary system, advocate the spirit of Chinese
    aesthetics, and promote the combination of aesthetics, virtue, beauty.

  5. Into the production and life. Focus on practice and development,
    demand and supply, form and content, the Chinese excellent traditional
    culture to better integrate more into all aspects of production and
    life. Explore the historical and cultural values ​​of the city, refine
    and select a number of classic elements and iconic symbols that
    highlight the cultural characteristics, and integrate them into
    urbanization and urban planning and design, and reasonably apply it to
    public spaces such as urban sculptures and plazas and gardens to avoid
    being stereotyped, one side. Excavating and finishing the traditional
    architectural culture, to encourage the inheritance and innovation of
    architectural design, promote urban repair, ecological restoration work,
    continuation of the urban context. Strengthen the cultural construction
    of “Beautiful Village” and explore and protect a batch of small towns
    and villages with history and culture step by step. With the essence of
    Chinese excellent traditional culture to support the spirit of
    enterprise and cultivate the modern enterprise culture. The
    implementation of China’s aging protection and development project to
    support a number of strong cultural characteristics, high brand
    reputation, market competitiveness of the old Chinese doing fine and
    stronger. We will carry out the theme activities of “our festival”,
    carry out the rejuvenation project of traditional Chinese holidays,
    enrich the traditional festival culture connotation such as Spring
    Festival, Lantern Festival, Qingming Festival, Dragon Boat Festival,
    Tanabata, Mid-Autumn Festival and Chongyang and form new holiday
    customs. Strengthen the traditional calendar, solar terms, Lunar New
    Year and diet, medicine and other research elucidate, make active use,
    so that its useful cultural values ​​embedded in the depth of people’s
    lives. The implementation of Chinese festival ritual clothing apparel
    plans, designed to showcase the unique charm of the Chinese nation a
    series of clothing apparel. Vigorously develop cultural tourism, make
    full use of advantages of historical and cultural resources, planning
    and design launched a series of special research travel routes to guide
    tourists in cultural tourism perception of Chinese culture. Promote the
    integration of leisure life with traditional culture and foster the
    traditional leisure culture that meets the needs of the present day.
    Development of traditional sports, rescue of endangered traditional
    sports, the traditional sports into the national fitness project.

  6. Increase publicity and education efforts. Comprehensive use of
    newspapers, books, radio, television stations, Internet sites and other
    carriers, through the integration of multimedia resources, co-ordination
    of propaganda, culture, cultural relics and other forces, innovative
    expression, vigorously highlight the charm of Chinese culture.
    Implementation of Chinese culture new media project. We will give full
    play to the role of public cultural institutions such as libraries,
    cultural centers, museums, group art galleries and art galleries in the
    transmission and development of outstanding Chinese traditional culture.
    Compilation and publication of series of cultural classics. Strengthen
    the work of revolutionary relics, implement the project of the
    protection and utilization of revolutionary cultural relics, and protect
    and utilize the revolutionary sites, relics and martyrs memorial
    facilities. Promote sustainable and healthy development of red tourism.
    In-depth educational activities on the theme of “Love China,” made full
    use of major historical events and celebrations of Chinese celebrities,
    national ceremonies and martyrs’ anniversary, made full use of various
    types of patriotic education bases and historical sites, demonstrated
    the profound meaning of patriotism, Cultivate the spirit of patriotism.
    Strengthen national etiquette education. Increase the popularization of
    education and propaganda on the important ceremonies of the country,
    embody the sense of ritual, solemnity and honor in the major national
    festivals, highlight the value of the times of the Chinese traditional
    ceremonial culture, and establish a good image of the ancient
    civilization and ceremonies. The research proposes that social
    etiquette, clothing and costumes, civilized language to undertake
    traditional customs and meet the requirements of modern civilization
    should be established, and the etiquette, etiquette, and polite norms of
    various public places and public spaces should be established and
    improved to promote the formation of a good demeanor and courteous
    society Fashion. The concept of outstanding traditional culture and
    ideology embodied in social norms, and the development of civic
    conventions, township regulations, student codes, industry rules, the
    combination of the constitution. Carry forward the culture of honor,
    philanthropic culture, integrity and culture, and carry out thrifty and
    virtuous actions and learn from Lei Feng volunteer service. Extensively
    carry out civilized family-building activities, excavate and organize
    home-training and family-book culture, cultivate young people with good
    family style and tutoring. Excavate and protect local culture resources,
    build Xinxiang Yin culture, nurture and support rural cultural backbone,
    enhance local culture connotation, form a benign rural cultural ecology,
    and let future generations remember the nostalgia. To strengthen the
    popularization and exchange of Chinese culture in Hong Kong, Maucao and
    Taiwan, actively hold summer camps for Chinese youth, winter camps,
    recitation and writing of Chinese classics and other exchange
    activities. Encourage artists from Hong Kong, Maucao and Taiwan to
    participate in the Chinese-Chinese Year of Culture ), Happy Spring
    Festival and other brand activities to enhance national identity,
    national identity, cultural identity.

  7. Promote the cultural exchange between China and foreign Kam. We will
    step up cultural exchanges and cooperation with foreign countries,
    innovate cultural exchanges, enrich the contents of cultural exchange,
    and continuously raise the level of cultural exchanges. We will make
    full use of overseas Chinese culture centers, Confucius Institutes,
    cultural festival shows, cultural relics exhibitions, expositions, book
    fairs, film festivals, sporting events, tourism promotion and various
    brand activities to promote the international spread of excellent
    Chinese traditional culture. Support Chinese medicine, Chinese cooking,
    Chinese Wushu, Chinese classics, Chinese artifacts, Chinese gardens,
    Chinese festivals and other traditional Chinese cultural projects to go
    out. Actively publicize and promote traditional Chinese fine arts and
    culture such as traditional opera, folk music, calligraphy and
    traditional Chinese painting so that foreign citizens can enjoy delight
    and charm in the aesthetic process. We will strengthen national cultural
    exchange and cooperation along the “Belt and Road”. Encourage the
    development of foreign cultural and trade, so that more reflect the
    characteristics of Chinese culture, with strong competitiveness of
    cultural products to the international market. Explore new modes of
    international communication and dissemination of Chinese culture,
    comprehensively utilize mass communication, mass communication and
    interpersonal communication to build an all-dimensional, multi-level and
    wide-ranging Chinese cultural communication pattern. We will promote
    international exchange of Sinology and the cooperation between Chinese
    and foreign think tanks, strengthen the international promotion and
    dissemination of Chinese publications, support sinologists and overseas
    publishers to translate and publish Chinese books, and overseas Chinese,
    celebrities of culture and sports, personnel who leave China in various
    fields, Funded enterprises, friendly cooperation agencies with me and
    Chinese restaurants all over the world. They are good at telling Chinese
    stories, spreading good Chinese voices, interpreting good Chinese
    characteristics and displaying good images of China.

Fourth, organize the implementation and safeguard measures

  1. Strengthen the organization and leadership. Party committees and
    governments at all levels should lay stress on resolutely maintaining
    cultural confidence, upholding and developing socialism with Chinese
    characteristics, and achieving the great rejuvenation of the Chinese
    nation. They must earnestly place an important agenda for the
    inheritance and development of outstanding Chinese traditional culture,
    strengthen macro guidance and raise the level of organization, Into the
    overall plan of economic and social development, into the assessment
    system, into the party schools, administrative institutes at all levels
    of teaching an important part. The publicity departments of party
    committees at all levels should give full play to their role of
    coordinating and integrating various resources and mobilizing the
    strength of all parties to promote the formation of an excellent Chinese
    traditional culture inheriting the unified leadership of the Party
    committees and the party and government groups and their respective
    departments and departments responsible for their respective
    responsibilities and participation of the whole society A new pattern of
    development work. All relevant departments and mass organizations should
    formulate and implement programs according to the division of
    responsibilities and improve the working mechanism so as to carry out
    various tasks in a down-to-earth manner.

  2. Strengthen policy support. Strengthen the formulation and
    implementation of supporting policies for the development of excellent
    Chinese traditional culture and pay attention to the systematic
    synergistic operability of policy measures. We will step up financial
    support at all levels of the Central Government and local governments
    and at the same time we will integrate and integrate relevant existing
    funds to support the key projects for the development of outstanding
    Chinese traditional culture. To formulate and perfect the financial
    support policy that will benefit the inheritance and development project
    of outstanding Chinese traditional culture. We will increase support for
    the construction of facilities for the protection and utilization of
    precious heritage resources such as national important cultural and
    natural heritage and national intangible cultural heritage. Establishing
    a mechanism for cooperation and co-establishment of related fields and
    departments for the development of outstanding Chinese traditional
    culture. Formulate a special plan for the protection of cultural relics
    and intangible cultural heritage. Establish and improve the historical
    and cultural cities and towns and villages and historical and cultural
    district protection policies. Improve related incentives and subsidies
    policies and implement tax preferential policies to guide and encourage
    enterprises, social organizations and individuals to donate or jointly
    build related cultural projects. Establish and improve the chief expert
    system of major project of inheriting and developing excellent Chinese
    traditional culture, and cultivate a group of Chinese cultural
    representatives who are loved by the people and have international
    influence. We will improve the incentive recognition system for the
    development of Chinese excellent traditional culture, contribute to the
    succession and development of Chinese excellent traditional culture, and
    communicate and communicate with outstanding Chinese traditional and
    cultural creations. Outstanding people both at home and abroad who have
    earned their prestigious honors will be awarded meritorious honors or
    awards in recognition. Relevant departments should study and introduce
    such favorable policies and measures as enrollment and housing security
    so as to advocate and encourage traditional virtues such as
    self-improvement, dedication, good governance, poverty alleviation,
    courageous righteousness and filial piety.

  3. Strengthen the construction of cultural and legal environment.
    Revised cultural relics protection law. Formulate the Law on Promotion
    of Cultural Industries and Law on Public Libraries and other relevant
    laws and make institutional arrangements for the inheritance and
    development of excellent Chinese traditional culture. In the formulation
    and revision of related laws and regulations in the fields of education,
    science and technology, health, sports, urban and rural construction,
    Internet, transportation, tourism and languages, the contents of the
    development of excellent Chinese traditional culture should be added. We
    will step up enforcement of laws and regulations concerning the
    protection and inheritance of outstanding Chinese traditional culture
    and step up supervision and inspection of the implementation of laws and
    regulations. We will give full play to the important role of all
    administrative departments in the inheritance and development of
    outstanding Chinese traditional culture, establish and improve a linkage
    mechanism and crack down on illegal business activities. We will step up
    publicity and education on the rule of law and enhance the awareness of
    the whole society that it inherits and develops the outstanding
    traditional Chinese culture in accordance with the law and form a good
    legal environment for the respect and protection of heritage and the
    development of excellent Chinese traditional culture. All localities
    should formulate and improve local laws and regulations and government
    regulations according to the status quo of the inheritance and
    protection of local traditional culture.

  4. Fully mobilize the enthusiasm of the whole society creative.
    Inheriting and developing the excellent Chinese traditional culture is
    the common responsibility of all Chinese sons and daughters. Adhere to
    the principle of whole-party action and participation of the entire
    society and implement the tasks of inheriting and developing the fine
    traditional Chinese culture to the grassroots level in rural areas,
    enterprises, communities, organs and schools and other urban and rural
    areas. All kinds of cultural units and institutions and platforms of
    cultural positions at all levels should assume their duties of guarding,
    spreading and carrying forward the excellent Chinese traditional
    culture. All kinds of enterprises and social organizations should
    actively participate in the development, protection and utilization of
    cultural resources, produce rich and varied cultural products of high
    quality that are unified with social values ​​and market values, and
    loved by the people, and expand the supply of medium and high-end
    cultural products and services. Fully respect the dominant position of
    workers, peasants and intellectuals, give play to the leading role of
    leading cadres, give full play to the exemplary role of public figures,
    give full play to the role of young people in the military force, bring
    into full play the exemplary role of leading cadres and give full play
    to the role of non-public economic organizations and employees of social
    organizations Play an active role in giving play to the important role
    of cultural volunteers, cultural counselors, literary and art cadres and
    cultural managers and form a vivid situation in which all people inherit
    and develop the excellent Chinese traditional culture

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